13 Scientific Mysteries

      “The important thing is to not stop questioning. Curiosity has its own reason for existing. One cannot help but be in awe when he contemplates the mysteries of eternity; of life; of the marvelous structure of reality.” - Albert Einstein

“Learning does not come from teaching,
but from questioning.” - Plato

“I would rather have questions that can’t be answered than answers that can’t be questioned.” - Richard Feynman, theoretical physicist

The Origin of Language

      There is an ongoing debate over how and when human language started. Most languages in the West today (English, Italian, French, Spanish) are derived from Latin, which is what was spoken in Ancient Rome.

Planet Nine

      At the edge of our solar system, some unknown object is manipulating the paths of chunks of ice as they circle the sun. These objects' oval-shaped orbits all point in the same direction and tilt the same way, suggesting that an unseen force is herding them. Scientists think the culprit is a mysterious planet, which they dubbed Planet Nine.

Cosmic Rays

      The source of cosmic rays has long perplexed astronomers, who have spent a century investigating the origins of these energetic particles. Cosmic rays are charged subatomic particles that flow into our solar system from deep space.

Fast Radio Bursts

      Fast Radio Bursts are intensely energetic events that flare for just milliseconds, seemingly all over the sky and from outside the galaxy. But their cause has remained a mystery since the first Fast Radio Burst was identified in 2007.

Supernovae

      Over the years, scientists have studied supernovae, but how these gigantic explosions occur is an enduring astronomical puzzle. Amitava Bhattacharjee wrote. "Many details of what goes on inside a star leading up to an explosion, as well as how that explosion unfolds, remain a mystery."
      NOTE: Carbon, the single most symbolic and fundamental element for organic life, is created inside these stars' deaths.

Dark Energy

      Edwin Hubble discovered that the universe is expanding in the 1920s. And in 1998, with the Hubble Space Telescope, it was found that the expansion of the universe is increasing in speed. This discovery has puzzled scientists, who have come to call the phenomenon dark energy, an unknown form of energy that has not been directly detected. Dark energy is thought to make up 73% of the universe.

Dark Matter

      When Vera Rubin observed that there was no difference in the velocities of stars at the center of a galaxy compared to those farther out, the results seemed to go against basic Newtonian physics, which says that stars on the outskirts of a galaxy would orbit more slowly.
      Scientists explain this phenomenon as an invisible mass, called dark matter. But "Scientists still don't know what dark matter is" Adrian Cho wrote. Dark matter is thought to make up 23% of the universe. This leaves only 4% for matter like you, me, the planets and stars.

Black Holes

      In January 1916, Karl Schwarzschild produced the first exact solution to the equations of general relativity, Albert Einstein’s radical, two-month-old theory of gravity. General relativity portrayed gravity not as an attractive force, as it had long been understood, but rather as the effect of curved space and time. Schwarzschild’s solution revealed the curvature of space-time around a stationary ball of matter.
      Curiously, Schwarzschild noticed that if this matter were confined within a small enough radius, there would be a point of infinite curvature and density — a “singularity” — at the center. Infinities cropping up in physics are usually cause for alarm, and neither Einstein, upon learning of the result, nor Schwarzschild himself believed that such objects really exist.
      But starting in the 1970s, evidence mounted that the universe contains droves of these entities — dubbed “black holes” because their gravity is so strong that nothing going into them, not even light, can escape. A singularity is not a place where quantities really become infinite, but a place where the theory of general relativity completely breaks down. The nature of the singularities inside black holes has been a mystery ever since.

Gravity at the Quantum Level

      There are four kinds of fundamental forces in Nature: electromagnetism, strong nuclear, weak nuclear, and gravity. Of the four, the gravity is the only one still unexplainable at the quantum level. Neither the Newtonian model nor relativity is a fundamental explanation for gravity. We still don’t know how the fundamental, quantum properties of mass, energy and space-time combine to create the phenomenon.

The Big Bang

      “The earlier we go in the history of the Universe, the less we understand.” - Paul Sutter, astrophysicist at Ohio State University, and Chief Scientist of the Center of Science and Industry. The Standard Model of particle physics does not account for the majority of the matter that the Big Bang produced. Scientists can only theorize on events after the big bang. They cannot explain why the big bang occurred, where it came from, what came before it, or what it was exactly. Since science cannot explain these most fundamental questions - I wonder how people can be such devout Atheists.

Life

      As you know, the origin of life has always remained a scientific mystery. The key part of the origin of life on Earth, called “abiogenesis” in science, is the natural process by which life arises from non-living matter. Despite decades of extensive research and collaboration among different scientific fields such as geophysics, chemistry, biology etc. scientists still rack their brains over this most existential question – how the transformation of the non-living into the living actually happened.

Consciousness

      Consciousness is one of the most profound mysteries in science, and it cannot even be defined. But we know that it separates us from the animals. The key to the mystery of consciousness is free will.

Time

      Time is a human construct; it only exists because we are here to experience it. The passage of time is affected by speed and relative mass of planets and stars, which is called time dilation. This is demonstrated well in the film Interstellar. The crew leaves behind one member on the mothership, while the rest approach a black hole in another craft. The great mass of the black hole slows down time for the crew in relation to the other member. Even though that crew only spent a few hours near the black hole, when they returned to the ship - the crew member they left behind had aged 23 years.
      So according to the theory of relativity, if you were to stand on the event horizon of a black hole, which is of infinite mass, you would reach the end of time. This also means that if you were to travel the speed of light, which would slow your time passage to nothing, you would also reach the end of time in relation to the rest of the universe.

      Hebrews 11:1 - 3 “Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen. For by it the elders obtained a good report. Through faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God, so that things which are seen were not made of things which do appear.”
      Faith is misplaced if it can be damaged by scientific “evidence.” You see, evidence is not neutral, it is interpreted by our worldviews. Faith is the evidence; Ephesians 2:8 “For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God.”


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